Artibeus jamaicensis Jamaican Fruit-eating Bat is a species of bats in the family New World leaf-nosed bats. It is found in the Neotropics and the Nearctic. It is a frugivore. Individuals are known to live for months and can grow to Reproduction is viviparous and dioecious. Artibeus jamaicensis Jamaican Fruit-eating Bat relies on flight to move around.
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The Jamaican , common or Mexican fruit bat Artibeus jamaicensis is a fruit-eating bat native to Mexico, through Central America to northwestern South America, as well as the Greater and many of the Lesser Antilles. It is also an uncommon resident of the Southern Bahamas. Populations east of the Andes in South America are now usually regarded a separate species, the flat-faced fruit-eating bat A. The distinctive features of the Jamaican fruit bat which however are shared by some of its relatives include the absence of an external tail and a minimal, U-shaped interfemoral membrane.
It has broad but pointed and ridged ears with a serrated tragus. Sebaceous holocrine glands can be found in both lips. The fruit bat has no external tail. It has broad dark grey wings and a narrow hairless interfemoral membrane with a short calcar. A transcriptome dataset is available with more than 25, annotated transcripts that are directly searchable by BLAST.
The Jamaican fruit bat ranges from southern Mexico southward to northwestern South America west Colombia , west Ecuador and northwest Peru. Further research is necessary to establish its exact taxonomic status. It prefers habitats that are humid and tropical but has also adapted to cloud forests and drier tropical habitats. The Jamaican fruit bat is a frugivore.
As such it can disperse seeds fairly far. Jamaican fruit bats rely on sight and smell to find fruit of certain colors and odors. The maximum longevity for the Jamaican fruit bat is nine years in the wild. Predators of fruits bats include owls , snakes , large opossums , and coati.
Bats from various sites have been found with Histoplasma capsulatum. Some individual bats may have rabies. When in their roosts, the Jamaican fruit bat has a reproductive system known as "resource defensive polygyny ". Satellite males are more common in large groups than smaller groups and dominant and subordinate males will cooperate to defend harem females. When bats going on foraging trips, it is the dominant males that are the first to leave to the roosting sites and the last to return.
Females give birth twice a year with one young on average for each birth. Mating is highest at the end of the wet season and births take place in the dry months. Pups born in a harem may sometimes be sired by satellite or subordinate males depending on the size of the group. The female gives birth while perching and the newborn emerges unaided, head first. Mothers carry their pups when they are one day old but later leave them in the roosting area for the day.
Young are weaned by 15 days. Females are sexually mature by eight months and males by 12 months. Throughout most of its range, the Jamaican fruit bat is numerous.
It was found to be the most influential of the frugivorous bat community. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jamaican fruit bat Conservation status.
Leach , Retrieved 18 April Mammalian Species. Archived from the original PDF on Journal of Mammalogy. Tent construction by bat of the genera Artibeus and Uroderma. Patterson and R. Timm, eds. Fieldiana Zoology , New Series Reproductive Botany. Health precautions for bat researchers. Kunz ed Smithsonian Institution Press.
Handley Jr. Roosting behavior. Handley Jr, D. Wilson and A. Gardner, eds. Smithsonian Institution Press. Molecular Ecology. Movements and behavior Pp. Part II R. Baker, J. Jones, D. Carter, eds. The Southwestern Naturalist. Survival and relative abundance. Wilson, ed.
T; Ceballos, G. Revista Mexicana de Mastozoologia. Extant species of family Phyllostomidae. Subfamilies: Brachyphyllinae Carolliinae Desmodontinae Phyllonycterinae.
Antillean fruit-eating bat B. Benkeith's short-tailed bat C. Hairy little fruit bat R. Common vampire bat D. White-winged vampire bat D. Hairy-legged vampire bat D. Brown flower bat E.
Jamaican flower bat P. Subfamily Glossophaginae. Godman's long-tailed bat C. Mexican long-tongued bat C. Commissaris's long-tongued bat G. Underwood's long-tongued bat H. Southern long-nosed bat L. Pale brown long-nosed bat L. Insular single leaf bat M. Banana bat M. Ega long-tongued bat S. Chestnut long-tongued bat L. Bokermann's nectar bat L. Long-snouted bat P. Vieira's long-tongued bat X. Subfamily Phyllostominae. Behn's bat G.
Yellow-throated big-eared bat L. California leaf-nosed bat M. Brosset's big-eared bat M. Least big-eared bat N. Niceforo's big-eared bat T. Big-eared woolly bat C. Pygmy round-eared bat L. Greater round-eared bat T. Fringe-lipped bat T. Spectral bat V. Tomes's sword-nosed bat L.
Jamaican Fruit Eating Bat
The northern range of Artibeus jamaicensis extends into central Mexico and continues south throughout Central America, and into northern South America. In South America, A. Resident populations have been reported in the lower Florida Keys. The distribution of A. The range of A. Artibeus jamaicensis is primarily found in mature lowland rainforests, but lives in a variety of habitats including seasonal dry forests, deciduous forests, and human plantations.
The Jamaican fruit bat Artibeus jamaicensis is one of the most common bats in the tropical Americas. It is thought to be a potential reservoir host of Tacaribe virus, an arenavirus closely related to the South American hemorrhagic fever viruses. We performed transcriptome sequencing and annotation from lung, kidney and spleen tissues using and Illumina platforms to develop this species as an animal model. More than , contigs were assembled, with 25, genes that were functionally annotated. Annotated genes are involved in a broad range of activities ranging from cellular metabolism to genome regulation through ncRNAs. Reciprocal BLAST best hits yielded 8, sequences that are orthologous to mouse, rat, cattle, horse and human.
Jamaican fruit bat
Pronunciation: ar- tib -ee-us ja-may- ken -sis. The Jamaican fruit-eating bat eats figs and many other tropical forest fruits, including the pulpy layer surrounding nuts, such as the wild almond. After carrying fruits away to eat them, the bat then drops the nuts, dispersing seeds for future trees. In addition to fruit, this species also eats pollen, nectar, and a few insects. They can be found in a variety of habitats, from dry deciduous forest to tropical evergreen forest and even cloud forest. Caves and hollow trees are their most common roosts, but sometimes they also create roosts by biting the midribs of large leaves until they hang down to form tents.
Jamaican fruit bat , Artibeus jamaicensis , also called Mexican fruit bat , a common and widespread bat of Central and South America with a fleshy nose leaf resembling a third ear positioned on the muzzle. The Jamaican fruit bat has gray-brown fur and indistinct, whitish facial stripes. It has no tail, and the membrane stretching between its legs is small and u-shaped. Its length is about 9 cm 3. Although compared to other New World fruit bats, the Jamaican fruit bat is one of the heavier species, weighing 40—65 grams 1. This bat smells like perfumed soap.