Its targets were multilateralism and interdependence of nations in the search for a sustainable development path. The report sought to recapture the spirit of the Stockholm Conference which had introduced environmental concerns to the formal political development sphere. Our Common Future placed environmental issues firmly on the political agenda; it aimed to discuss the environment and development as one single issue. The Brundtland Commission's mandate was to: . The Brundtland Commission Report recognised that human resource development in the form of poverty reduction, gender equity, and wealth redistribution was crucial to formulating strategies for environmental conservation, and it also recognised that environmental-limits to economic growth in industrialised and industrialising societies existed. The Brundtland Report claimed that poverty reduces sustainability and accelerates environmental pressures — creating a need for the balancing between economy and ecology.
|Published (Last):||17 October 2008|
|PDF File Size:||17.26 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.58 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Brundtland Report , also called Our Common Future , publication released in by the World Commission on Environment and Development WCED that introduced the concept of sustainable development and described how it could be achieved.
Sponsored by the United Nations UN and chaired by Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland , the WCED explored the causes of environmental degradation , attempted to understand the interconnections between social equity , economic growth , and environmental problems, and developed policy solutions that integrated all three areas.
The WCED also called the Brundtland Commission was charged with proposing long-term solutions for bringing about sustainable development and continuing it into the 21st century.
It was also tasked with finding ways in which the concern for the environment might be translated into greater cooperation between countries regarding issues of development and resource use and creating processes in which all countries could address their own environmental concerns and those of the world over the long term. The Brundtland Report included chapters covering, among other topics within sustainable development, the role of the international economy, population and human resources, food security, species and ecosystems , energy , industry , and proposed legal principles for environmental protection.
The Brundtland Report also highlighted global population growth that could not continue indefinitely. It predicted that in the 21st century the world population would stabilize somewhere between 7. Although some of the highest population-growth rates were among developing countries, the report pointed out that the environmental impact of an additional individual born in an industrialized country was much greater than of one born in a developing country.
The report noted also that declining birth rates of the industrialized world would translate into a greater burden on the younger generations to support an aging population. For the developing world improved health and education, especially among women, were presented as solutions to the resource and demographic challenges posed by high birth rates.
The report laid the foundations for the Rio Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro in , which then ultimately led to the creation of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development that same year. Brundtland Report.
Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Home Literature Nonfiction. Written By: Michelle E. See Article History. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. United Nations UN , international organization established on October 24, The United Nations UN was the second multipurpose international organization established in the 20th century that was worldwide in scope and membership.
Its predecessor, the League of Nations, was created by the Treaty of Versailles in and disbanded in…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.
1987: Brundtland Report
Item 83 e of the provisional agenda . Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development. The commission later adopted the name World Commission on Environment and Development. In the same resolution, the Assembly decided that, on matters within the mandate and purview ot the United Nations Environment Programme, the report ot the special commission should in the first instance be considered by the Governing Council of the Programme, for transmission to the Assembly together with its comments, and for use as basic material in the preparation, for adoption by the Assembly, of the Environmental Perspective to the Year and Beyond. Acronym List and Note on Terminology.