CANINE DYSTOCIA PDF

Dystocia refers to abnormal or difficult birth. The condition occurs more commonly in certain breeds. To determine the appropriate therapy, the cause of dystocia obstructive vs nonobstructive must be determined and the condition of the animal assessed. A thorough history regarding breeding dates, previous parturitions, pelvic trauma, etc, is desirable.

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Dystocia refers to abnormal or difficult birth. The condition occurs more commonly in certain breeds. To determine the appropriate therapy, the cause of dystocia obstructive vs nonobstructive must be determined and the condition of the animal assessed. A thorough history regarding breeding dates, previous parturitions, pelvic trauma, etc, is desirable.

The animal should be examined for signs of systemic illness that, if present, may necessitate immediate cesarean section. The normal vaginal discharge at parturition is a dark green color; abnormal color or character warrants immediate attention. A sterile digital vaginal examination should be performed to evaluate patency of the birth canal and the position and presentation of the fetus es. Radiography or ultrasonography can determine the presence and number of fetuses, as well as their size, position, and viability.

Medical management may be considered when the condition of the dam and fetuses is stable, when there is proper fetal position and presentation, and when there is no obstruction.

If no response follows, a cesarean section should be performed. Surgery is indicated for obstructive dystocia, dystocia accompanied by shock or systemic illness, primary uterine inertia, prolonged active labor, or if medical management has failed. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Veterinary Manual was first published in as a service to the community. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here.

Common Veterinary Topics. Videos Figures Images Quizzes. Reproductive Diseases of the Female Small Animal. Test your knowledge. More Content. Was This Page Helpful? Yes No. False Pregnancy in Small Animals. Overview of Management of the Neonate in Small Animals.

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Identifying Risk Factors for Canine Dystocia and Stillbirths

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Diagnosing and managing canine dystocia (Proceedings)

In dogs and cats, the uterus consists of two tubes or uterine horns that join with a short uterine body. This is the incubator that nourishes unborn puppies and kittens. A pregnancy lasting more than 68 days is considered abnormal. Breeds of dogs that commonly experience dystocia include bulldogs, pugs and Boston terriers. In addition, it is more common for a dog to experience dystocia with the first pregnancy. Cats usually do not develop dystocia. The diagnosis of dystocia is generally based on clinical signs; however, some testing is usually done to ensure that your dog does not have a medical reason for the dystocia.

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