Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book.
|Published (Last):||23 August 2006|
|PDF File Size:||19.1 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.24 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
After failing out of primary school and educating himself mainly on the streets of Beunos Aires, Roberto Arlt would grow to distinguish himself as an important Argentine short story writer, novelist, playwright, and journalist. Equally criticized for his rough use of language and praised for his innovative approach to Spanish, Arlt left his mark on Argentina.
Despite dreams of becoming a successful inventor, and his entrance into journalism only to support his creative writing career financially, his Aquafuertes portenas newspaper column later in book form would become one of the classics of Argentine literature.
In the words of the International Dictionary of Theatre, "Arlt incorporates ideas and techniques to create his own unique literary world of bizarre dream sequences and night marish characters, fueled by a strong social conscience. There is dispute over Arlt's exact birthday between April 2, 7, and German was the language used in the home, and Arlt's parents, who immigrated in their thirties, never gained full usage of Spanish.
Arlt had two sisters and both died from tuberculosis. One died at a very young age, and the other, Lila, died in The Arlt family was poor, and Karl Arlt traveled to the provinces for months at a time to work, but never succeeded in improving his family's economic situation. Karl Arlt was a tyrant who abused his children. Arlt attended several schools as a child, but was expelled somewhere between the ages of eight and ten and was discarded as useless. He learned mainly on the streets and in the library, where he passed most of his time.
He published his first short story between the ages of 14 and 16 in Revista Popular and left home in To make ends meet, Arlt was employed as a book store clerk, an apprentice to a tinsmith, a painter, a mechanic, a vulcanizer, a brick factory manager, a newspaper manager, and a port worker.
He never did too well at any of these jobs. Between and , the same time he was starting his fiction writing career, Arlt began writing for newspapers: Ultima Hora, Critica Critical in , and Don Goyo beginning in He interned with writer and journalist Ricardo Guiraldes from to and published with Guiraldes's magazine, Prow.
Much later he wrote for El mundo The World. Arlt began his journalistic work as a way to make money and to introduce himself into Argentine literary circles. It turned out to be more than that. His daily columns for El mundo, "Aquafuertes portenas" "Porteno Etchings" , appeared from to compiled first in book form in and earned him nation-wide fame.
In the column, he shared his opinions about society, economics, and politics. His journalism proved to be his most popular offering to society. On the day his column appeared each week, El mundo sold twice as many copies. In , he was sent to Spain by El mundo as a correspondent, where he wrote his Spanish Etchings. It was one of the few times in his life that Arlt left Beunos Aires. Arlt wrote for El mundo until he died.
His articles in Don Goyo have also been published in collections. Arlt presented his first short story, Jehovah in He published his first novel, El jugete rabioso The Rabid Toy , in El Poder de la Palabra online cited El jugete rabioso as "one of the best Argentine novels…. In , Arlt published Los siete locos The Seven Madmen , which was to be his only English language success and his most notable novel. None of his other works have been translated into English. Los siete locos won a municipal award, but the critics read it as a realistic book and criticized it for bad grammar and craftsmanship.
The book was meant to be experimental and expressionistic. Los lanzallamas The Flame Throwers was the sequel novel to Los siete locos. Both Los siete locos and Los lanzallamas were influenced by Dostoevsky. Both reveal the underside of Buenos Aires life, with its delinquents, prostitutes, and ruffians. They have been credited with portraying the epitome of the alienated man in modern society.
Arlt's first three novels are sometimes considered a trilogy. In , Arlt published El amor brujo Love of the Sorcerer , his last novel. Arlt's writing style was innovative. He was the first novelist to use language from lower-and middle-class Spanish, including the language of thieves lunfardo , the language of Beunos Aires portenos , vulgarities, foreign language, Castilian Spanish, scientific language, and lyricism.
He also regularly wrote using the informal form of "you:" "voseo. Arlt was quoted in Contemporary Authors speaking to the stuffy, literary traditions of his time, "Today, amid the babble of an inevitably crumbling social edifice, it is impossible to linger over embroidery.
El jorabadito was Arlt's favorite of all his books. El criador de gorilas contained 15 of his short stories. The short stories reinforced Arlt's style, continuing the use of confused chronology, fragmentation, chaos, and "warped personalities" in a downward-spiraling society. After Arlt wrote his fourth novel, he discovered theater, a medium he then dedicated his career to. It incorporated a theme that would run though his plays, the tension between reality and illusion also present in Saverio el cruel and El fabricante de fantasmas.
Trescientor millones, Saviero el cruel, and El fabricante de fantasmas were the most significant of his plays. In all three, Arlt is said in International Dictionary of Theatre to: "[present] the fantasy world as bewitching in contrast to dull, prosaic reality.
Nevertheless, to enter the realm of the imagination is to lose control and ultimately to encounter madness and death. His plays contain an indebtedness to Dostoevsky and continue portrayal of the grotesque and madness and also continue Arlt's social criticism. His work has met with favor and respect since the s.
Contemporary Authors stated, "His books have been enthusiastically accepted by Argentine writers who see in Arlt a proponent of anti-literary and anti-establishment writing. In , The Seven Madmen was translated to English. Arlt's dream was to become distinguished as an inventor, but he continuously met with failure.
Please set a username for yourself. People will see it as Author Name with your public flash cards. Biography Roberto Arlt Facts After failing out of primary school and educating himself mainly on the streets of Beunos Aires, Roberto Arlt would grow to distinguish himself as an important Argentine short story writer, novelist, playwright, and journalist.
Journalist Between and , the same time he was starting his fiction writing career, Arlt began writing for newspapers: Ultima Hora, Critica Critical in , and Don Goyo beginning in Novelist Arlt presented his first short story, Jehovah in Other Facets Arlt's dream was to become distinguished as an inventor, but he continuously met with failure.
Encyclopedia of World Biography. Copyright The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved. Link to this page. Roberto Arlt. In YourDictionary. Roberto Arlt Images. Home Reference Biography Roberto Arlt. Also Mentioned In. Join YourDictionary today.
El fabricante de fantasmas - Prueba de Amor
Permissions : This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3. Please contact mpub-help umich. For more information, read Michigan Publishing's access and usage policy. Roberto Arlt holds a paradoxical role in Argentine national literature. He is regarded as one of the great authors of the twentieth century, yet criticism clucks over his spelling mistakes and questionable grammar. He is beloved, worshipped and pitied all at the same time.
Roberto Arlt Facts
German was the language commonly used at their home. His relationship with his father was stressful, as Karl Arlt was a very severe and austere man, by Arlt's own account. The memory of his oppressive father would appear in several of his writings. For example, Remo Erdosain a character at least partially based on Arlt's own life often recalls his abusive father and how little if any support he would give him. After being expelled from school at the age of eight, Arlt became an autodidact and worked at all sorts of different odd jobs before landing a job on at a local newspaper: as clerk at a bookstore, apprentice to a tinsmith, painter, mechanic, welder, manager in a brick factory, and dock worker. His first novel, El juguete rabioso " Mad Toy " , was the semi-autobiographical story of Silvio, a dropout who goes through a series of adventures trying to be "somebody. The narrator's literary and sometimes poetic language contrasts sharply with the street-level slang of Mad Toy 's many colorful characters.