Exploratory approximations between Antonio Gramsci and sport. Aproximaciones exploratorias entre Antonio Gramsci y el deporte. Palavras-chave: Esporte; Antonio Gramsci; hegemonia; estudos culturais. However, his lucubrations and his legacy are proficuous because they indirectly contributed to the intellection of this phenomenon which is one of the most expressive nowadays.
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Access options available:. Of course, Gramsci wrote relatively little on American culture and was not in contact with those who were the major protagonists in debating the myth of America, simply because he was already under arrest in and was in prison throughout the '30s until a year before his death in Nor were Vittorini or Pavese able to know of Gramsci's prison notebooks Quadernidelcarcere previous to , when the first volume was published by Einaudi, and by then their interest in American things had lost its intensity, both having become sympathizers of the Italian Communist Party.
In spite of these limiting conditions, though, Antonio Gramsci was debating the same themes during his imprisonment as the Americanisti were: the problem of creating a new national-popular vision of culture based on the common man or the proletariat; that of bridging the traditional gap between the intellectuals and the people; that of creating a new literary style capable of expressing a neorealistic aesthetic.
Contrary to them, however, his approach to these issues is based on the philosophy of praxis, his original version of dialectical materialism, and on a broad sociological perspective of literature, which allowed him to escape the idealist and mythic categories of his contemporaries and also provided him with a framework for his remarks on American literature.
Already in Elio Vittorini expressed the intellectual vacuum his generation was left with in Fascist Italy: "Distant in memory and in literary astronomy, Croce's aesthetic left us cold like a nocturnal star; furthermore, what one needed was not artistic canons but a sure and palpable reality, a land to which one could firmly attach oneself. After all, Italian culture was traditionally academic and selfenclosed at least as far back as the Renaissance, Gramsci points out in a major section of his prison notebooks.
Or as Pavese says in Saggi letterari, "Italian intellectuals already pretend that they are free because they can choose to perpetuate the exquisite and futile academy. As Pavese explained in , "Foreign voices sustained us in our efforts to understand and to live: each of us frequented and intensely loved the literature of a people, of a distant society and spoke about it, translated it and made an ideal country of it.
In Fascist language all that was called a mania for foreign things. Then there is the case of Fernanda Pivano whose brother was mistakenly arrested in her place Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.
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Americanismo e fordismo
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Americanismo E Fordismo by Gramsci