Bhabani Sen Gupta analyses the security dimensions of Gujral Doctrine. Bhabani Sen Gupta. T he Gujral Doctrine aims at building a conflict-free cooperative South Asia and at the same time to build bridges of development cooperation with the neighbours of South Asia. Since one of its principal aims is to resolve conflicts, it has significant security dimensions.
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A Decrease font size. A Reset font size. A Increase font size. Whichever government comes to power in India, the principles and purposes of the Gujral Doctrine will remain at the forefront.
However, it should not be forgotten that the success of the doctrine depends on the attitudes of the neighbours too, towards India and the region. In this sense, it will be dynamic in its implementation, calling for a great degree of maturity from all the countries of the region. Get Register your self or Login to make favourite articles. Mains Mains Articles. Beginning of the s had seen the start of a positive movement between India and its neighbours which got intensified under Gujral Doctrine, which played the cardinal role of clearly defining for India the importance of friendly relations with its neighbours.
Contents Introduction What is Gujaral Doctrine? What is Gujaral Doctrine? Inder Kumar Gujral served as external affair minister as well as 12 th Prime Minister of India in Hence, it recognizes the supreme importance to friendly, cordial relations with neighbours. Since one of its principal aims is to resolve conflicts, it believes in concepts of common, equal and cooperative security among the countries of South Asia. Positive results of the Gujral Doctrine Some of the achievements due to Gujral Doctrine are The resolution of the Ganga water-sharing dispute with Bangladesh in , agreements with Sri Lanka for expanding development cooperation, Bangladesh giving India access to the North-Eastern states where as in Meghalaya, Successful Mahakali river agreement with Nepal unilateral initiatives by India to break the long deadlock in Indo-Pakistan relations Helped India to face the international reaction in the aftermath of the nuclear tests by India, due to support of south Asian nations.
As Gujral doctrine excluded Pakistan, it was not a wholehearted effort to generate trust with all the neighbours. Further, these principles are open to different interpretations as each country views them. The principle that none should interfere in the internal affairs of the others becomes difficult to define because the South Asian region has many similarities in terms of culture and other factors. Events in one country influence happenings in another.
While one country may call it interference, the other may not think so. A certain section in Pakistan was of the opinion that one of the aims of the Gujral Doctrine was to isolate Pakistan by building up relations with the other South Asian countries. The current slowdown in the Indian economy has meant that there is less willingness to further open the Indian market to neighbour countries.
Smaller neighbour countries of India feel threatened by size of India. Way Forward In an age of shifting geopolitics and altered balance of power India will need to restrategise its neighbourhood policy.
There may be a need to redeploy scarce resources available from more distant development partners such as in Africa or Latin America to the subcontinent. Connectivity must be pursued with greater vigour while security concerns are addressed through cost effective and reliable technological measures which are in use in other parts of the world.
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What is the Gujral Doctrine of India?
Jump to navigation. Improving ties with neighbours has been a leitmotif of Indian foreign policy under all governments. An optimal policy has to address many difficulties: our smaller neighbours feel threatened by our size, they bristle at any perceived violation of their sovereignty, draw in other big powers as a balancing strategy, play domestic politics around our supposedly 'big brotherly' attitude, expect generous treatment without any reciprocal obligation and are, besides, apprehensive about losing their identity because of our shared regional, ethnic, linguistic, religious and cultural links. Prime minister and foreign minister twice, Inder Kumar Gujral-whose th birth anniversary fell on December 4-while aware of these complexities, was the first to enunciate in September a neighbourhood policy that would modify India's image from a regional hegemon to one of an accommodating neighbour acting generously, without expectations of reciprocity.
When Mr. Today India has succeeded in declaring herself as a nuclear power nation. It is believed that if a country wants to be a dominant leader at the international level, first of all it must have cordial relations with its neighbouring countries. In addition to taking neighbours into confidence, the country should have strengthened cultural, economic and political relations with neighbours. Gujral Doctrine is considered as a milestone in India's foreign policy.
Inder Kumar Gujral
He was imprisoned for taking part in the Quit India movement. He was the Minister of Information and Broadcasting during the emergency. In , he was appointed as the Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union. In , he became the Minister of External Affairs in the Deve Gowda ministry , and developed the Gujral doctrine during this period.
A Decrease font size. A Reset font size. A Increase font size. Whichever government comes to power in India, the principles and purposes of the Gujral Doctrine will remain at the forefront. However, it should not be forgotten that the success of the doctrine depends on the attitudes of the neighbours too, towards India and the region.