The Information Technology Management Reform Act of is a United States federal law , designed to improve the way the federal government acquires, uses and disposes information technology IT. The Clinger—Cohen Act supplements the information resources management policies by establishing a comprehensive approach for executive agencies to improve the acquisition and management of their information resources, by: . The Act directed the development and maintenance of Information Technology Architectures ITAs by federal agencies to maximize the benefits of information technology IT within the Government. The law requires each agency head to establish clear accountability for IT management activities by appointing an agency Chief Information Officer CIO with the visibility and management responsibilities necessary to carry out the specific provisions of the Act.
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ITMRA repeals Section of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of popularly referred to as the "Brooks Act" and establishes a new statutory scheme for information technology management and acquisition within the Executive branch.
The Act's provisions take effect on August 8, , days after enactment. In addition to this memorandum, OMB Circulars will be revised to provide further guidance to agencies. OMB will seek agency and public comment of draft revisions to Circular A, "Management of Federal Information Resources," so that these revisions will be final by early August Chapter 35, by establishing the position of Chief Information Officer in place of the designated senior of official for information resources management previously established by the PRA.
This provision is intended to establish clear accountability for agency information resources management activities, provide for greater coordination among the agency's information activities, and ensure greater visibility of such activities within each agency. One of the most important responsibilities of the CIO is to promote effective agency operations by implementing budget-linked capital planning for, and performance-based management of, information technology systems. Under the ITMRA, agencies are to determine, before making an investment in a new information system to support a particular function, whether the function should be performed or supported by the private sector or another agency.
Agencies should also, where appropriate, reorganize and revise the way a function is performed to improve its effectiveness before making significant IT investments to support that work. To ensure that these strategic issues are addressed by the agency, the Act makes the CIO explicitly responsible for promoting improvements in agency work processes. The CIO is also charged with facilitating the development, implementation, and maintenance of a sound and integrated information technology architecture for the agency, and promoting the effective design and operation of all major information resources management processes.
Designation and Organizational Placement of the Chief information Officer. Each agency head is expected to select and position a CIO to ensure the effective acquisition and use of IT and to carry out the agency's information resources management responsibilities. While the organizational placement of the CIO is to be determined by the agency head, the person selected should report to the agency head directly, and not through another official.
The CIO must actively participate, with the agency head and other senior agency officials, in planning and budgeting deliberations, support of work process redesign in areas being considered for IT investment, and the development of information technology program performance measures.
The agency head may designate as the CIO any individual who has the professional qualifications and experience required for the duties of the position. The position may be filled by recruiting and appointing someone from outside the agency, by the current senior information resources management official, or by someone holding another position in the agency. Agencies may also establish CIOs for major subcomponents or bureaus, and may also appoint deputy CIOs that have additional experience in work process redesign, design and management of information technology architectures, and data and telecommunications management.
The CFO continues to be responsible for developing, implementing, and maintaining the financial management systems as provided for in the CFO Act. Finally, Section S of the 11 ITMRA encourages the CIO and CFO to work together under the direction of the agency head to ensure that the agency's information systems provide reliable, consistent, and timely program performance information. Each agency listed in the Attachment should consult with the OMB Deputy Director for Management prior to establishing and filling the position, and provide the following information:.
This information should be updated as changes occur. In agencies listed in the Attachment, if the position is placed in the Senior Executive Service career or non-career , the agency head may set the pay of the incumbent at any rate of the Senior Executive Service in accordance with 5 U. Skip to main content Skip to footer site map. Appointment Process. Each agency listed in the Attachment should consult with the OMB Deputy Director for Management prior to establishing and filling the position, and provide the following information: the CIO's name, background and experience.
Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996
Memoranda 96-20 (Implementation of the Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996)