JURNAL TAMADUN CHINA PDF

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You can change your ad preferences anytime. Titas assignment group 53 - chinese civilization. Upcoming SlideShare. Like this document? Why not share! Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Arissa Loh Follow. Published in: Education. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. You have made everything really simple to understand while still keeping all the necessary information. This is vital to my revision as I can quickly understand the key concept of that type of question and then I can apply it to some practice questions, thus saving me time.

Thank you very much for these guides, I wish I had found them sooner! Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Titas assignment group 53 - chinese civilization 1. The completion of this assignment gives us a lot of pleasure. Besides that, we would also like to show our gratitude and thanks Ms.

Fadhilah Raihan, our lecturer for giving us a good guideline for the assignment which we had to choose a historical site based on a Chinese civilization. We would also like to thanks our great leader for organizing and plan our trip on a time where all of us are available. Since, some of us are from different course and are quite busy with other works. It is not easy to plan a suitable time for all of us. After that, we would also like to thank our leader for organizing the transportation to our destination.

Thus, we feel very grateful that all of us agree on the chosen site which was located quite far from here, which was known as Cheng Hoon Teng temple located in Melaka. Moreover, we also feel proud that we manage to divide our work and all of us had contributed the work to complete this assignment. We still managed to gather information and reference about the temple during our site visit. Last but not least, since we were not from the same course and did not know each other well, we still managed to communicate and interact among each other.

Hence, this could actually get us to know each other well. Title Page No. Chinese civilization is a culture that comes from china. China was one of the cradles of human race, not only the most populous but also one of the oldest in the world.

Archaeological studies have revealed that around 5, years ago the Chinese entered the stage of patriarchal society. Not only did villages begin to appear but also the initial forms of cities began to become evident. With a long illustrations history it is also the most well-known. They were respectively responsible for the founding, extending, rebuilding of the temple to its present appearance and also for the purchase and enlargement of the Bukit Cina.

Identify and review the student's perception of aspects of the course, the content and the layout of the syllabus, student workers, teaching methods and evaluation. Instilling pride towards different cultures which had been shaped since our forefathers that now became the identity of the civilization of Malaysia today.

To understand whether different races of civilization had different influences on each other that is historically significant and meaningful. To examine the context of a historical site to understand the different factors that affects the rise and fall of a civilization in terms of politics, economy and social. To examine the evolution of cultures of a civilization to able to identify the major differences in terms of period and time.

The Kapitan position was created by the Portuguese as a head administrator to the locals. Portrait of Kapitan Tay Kie Ki 8. Besides Kapitan Tay, he was assisted by other prominent Kapitans who played an important role in building the temple. In s, Kapitan Chan Ki Lock began the construction of the main hall. In , Kapitan Chua Su Cheong was responsible for rebuilding of the main hall while the Kapitans and Teng Choos after him contributed towards the aesthetic and structural additions of the building.

A Board of Trustees was formed to preserve the temple. Tun Sir Tan Cheng Lock, became one of the first trustees. The second historical milestone was in Cheng Hoon Teng's architecture reflects the skills of migrant builders and craftsmen from China's southern provinces, mainly Fujian and Guandong.

The building conforms strictly to the principles of feng shui, incorporating the fundamental belief that every aspect of life is closely related to attaining perfect harmony with nature. According to granite tablets, the temple was carefully laid out to ensure a view of the river and high ground on either side.

While the Cheng Hoon Teng is representative of the more peasant Southern temple form there are features that depart from the usual Southern temples found in Malaysia. Its roof slope attempts to attain a steeper incline than the generally lower and flatter Fujian form. The flag masts are of dramatic height, beckoning attention.

The temple has three bays rather than one found in most temples, whilst most of the columns are not circular and is in timber rising from stone bases.

Here there is an extensive use of lacquer. All these elements indicate the uniqueness of this architectural masterpiece. The temple is being constructed mainly by brick, timber and terracotta roof tiles. Nevertheless, in , restoration took place when the condition of the temple was deteriorating.

This is because one of the main beams in one of the side bays collapsed. So, for more specialized work, artisans from both local and China were involved throughout the restoration process. One of the building materials which were used on the roof is timber. In the restoration of the roof, about 75 percent of the timber had been replaced to so as to maintain the stability of the structure. Furthermore, custom-made steel hoisting frame was used to replace the damaged beams and pieces thus the replacement of the circular timber purling which were hand-carved by the carpenters and the ends were capped with the copper sleeves.

Restoration Cheng Hoon Teng temple has 3 phases. The first phase is the outer prayer pavilion and main prayer building. Next, the second phase is the auxiliary building and main entrance gate and for the third phase is the opera theatre. The last major work that were completed was in however time and the weather aggravated the condition and the state of the building had become a matter of serious concern and the Board of Trustees felt it was necessary to carry out a major restoration to the temple.

The restoration started off with the roof. As the temple has three different structural wooden truss systems, these hint at the possibility of construction over the different time periods. Proper assessment of roof structure damage was made after removing the tiles.

The extent of decay and insect infestation proved more serious than expected and the termites appeared to be the main problem. Therefore, a temporary roof structure was The sloping ridges of the main temple building cracked in varying degrees due to timber deterioration and weathering.

The ridges had to be lifted to allow damaged purling to be removed, and new ones inserted. For this, a strong hoisting structure of heavy duty steel hollow sections was customized for a confined site. A careful study was carried out on the materials to ensure that they were of the same character and quality. Bringing down decayed timber involved skill and extreme caution as it require a complex operation that is made more difficult by the nature of the site.

Most decay occurred at the topside, mainly due to rain and moisture. Damaged parts were removed and the affected areas are treated. Before installation, new beams were protected against termites, especially at points of direct contact with other structure. Once all the beams and battens had been replaced, reconstruction started on the valley area between the main temple building and the prayer hall.

With the main temple fully restored, the auxiliary buildings and the main entrance under phase 2 of the restoration works.

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ISSN The history of human civilization depicts that the growth and downfall of a civilization is interrelated to the power and solidarity of its language. Language is an important factor in determining positive interaction within individuals in a society. The migration of the Indian and Chinese community to the Malay Archipelago had led to the strengthening of the Malay language and its civilization. Historians of ancient civilization, elucidate that language plays a crucial role in fostering relations between the speaker and others. The people of the Peninsular of Malaya started interacting using various languages like Malay, Chinese and Tamil. This led to the accommodation and assimilation of culture and the sprucing up of the Malay vocabulary.

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