Monohibrid adalah persilangan antara dua individu dari spesies yang sama dengan satu sifat beda. Persilangan monohibrid ini sangat berkaitan dengan hukum Mendel I atau yang disebut dengan hukum segregasi. Gregor Mendel pertama kali mengetahui sifat monohibrid pada saat melakukan percobaan penyilangan pada kacang ercis Pisum sativum. Dari persilangan monohibrid inilah Mendel merumuskan hukum Mendel I hukum segregasi. Sesungguhnya pada masa hidup Mendel belum diketahui zat yang menentukan pewarisan sifat bahan genetik.
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Green pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. It is one of the ancient cultivated vegetables grown for their succulent nutritious green seeds. It is a quick growing, annual herbaceous vine which requires trellis to support its growth. It flourishes under well-drained, sandy soil supplemented with adequate moisture and cool weather conditions. It probably originated in the sub-Himalayan plains of north-west India.
Today, this versatile legume is one of the major commercial crops grown all over the temperate and semi-tropical regions. Plant Size 1—2 m high Root Well-developed tap root and lateral roots Stem Slender, terete stem 30— cm long with no or few basal branches. Leaf Alternate, pinnate with 2—3 pairs of leaflets and the rachis ending in a terminal branched tendril Leaflets Ovate or elliptic,with entire or dentate margin; stipules 1. Flower Flowers have five green fused sepals and five white, purple or pink petals of different sizes.
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Alternate, pinnate with 2—3 pairs of leaflets and the rachis ending in a terminal branched tendril. Ovate or elliptic,with entire or dentate margin; stipules 1. Flowers have five green fused sepals and five white, purple or pink petals of different sizes.
Oblong ovate pod 3. Vitamin C Ascorbic acid 58 mg
Probably originated in South-West Asia; now cultivated in a large number of temperate zone countries, as a cool season crop in the subtropics, and at higher altitudes in the tropics. Dry seeds are used for human and animal consumption; for the former they are cooked whole, split or ground into flour and boiled or roasted. Large quantities are canned. Fresh peas are an important vegetable and in the immature form they are canned or frozen. Some cultivars are grown for their tender green pods.
Green Peas – Pisum sativum Facts
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