Palo , also known as Las Reglas de Congo , is a religion with various denominations which developed in Cuba among Central African slaves and their descendants who originated in the Congo Basin. The Spanish word palo "stick" was applied to the religion in Cuba due to the use of wooden sticks in the preparation of altars , which were also called la Nganga , el caldero , nkisi or la prenda. Initiates are known as ngueyos or pino nuevo. Palo has its roots in the Congo Basin of Central Africa , from where large numbers of Kongo slaves were brought to Cuba where the religion evolved. Its mainly a product of BaKongo religion but has been influenced by other faiths. All natural objects, and particularly sticks, are thought to be infused with powers, often linked to the powers of spirits.
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Many of the firmas contained in this treatise are as old as the world itself and of course the There are more modern, and are considered the oldest human writing. The exact origin nobody knows so use it with care as the rituals that appear here are serious, strong and dangerous if not respects the forces which invokes, do not use a whim, they are basically part of the system Palo Mayombe belief of which is used to both create and destroy. Of course the old work as well as by modern beliefs so if you really believe, these firmas will give unlimited power.
The patipembas were created, used and maintained for centuries by African tribes. Signatures are used to invoke the power of the ancient deities to assist us and help in this life, these ancient deities are mean Npungos Light Force or Power, which were compared with the Orishas and Catholic saints, but that's another story.
The signatures mean, in the Rules of Palo Monte, the sacred record. We can define these firmas, since, as the interaction of the vibrations of nature, spiritual beings and thinking sensitive to these forces. Every human being is identified with a signature, likewise, each nganga or Nfumbe will designed by a line that represents it and that's partly a product of his power or destiny, but whose basic features are very similar to those of their sponsors or house tradition.
When a Ngueyo passes initiation rites have been made in your body stripes magical signature initiates distinguish it from other houses. Also, get your name in the Regla which has been started or scratched. This name represents who you are or who will and destiny, and form a part of the family of that family. Now when the initiate receives Nganga and becomes Padre or Madre Nganga, use the stroke of the prenda you receive.
This allows you to communicate with the spirit that inhabits when not in their presence, when away from his pledge. Every movement in the rites of the Rules of Palo Monte strokes is preceded by magic. Fula burns for output and raise the vibrations of all elements of the nature and Nfumbe this pending orders and also waiting of the offerings made to him for his work on the requests of the faithful.
The patipembas do many things to make the work and rituals and says who is the individual, their character, their parents, their spiritual relations and the way your home nganga and which belongs, etc. The circle and cross are the basis of all drainers firms, is divided into four parts, vertical and horizontally, crossing the lines at right angles and passing through a central point.
As high is the sky: nsulo, in the middle, on the horizontal line is the earth: Ntoto, and the other side is kalunga, sea. In the lower point is kumangongo, meaning inside the earth, that is, the land of the dead. For the Congolese and their descendants are three limited regions in themselves: the land and sea, which are the visible world and celestial space, home npungus and spirits who were living human beings.
Many of these firms were collected from houses and temples of Paleros and practitioners, some are very known and others not, but they are very useful and used in the religion of Palo. All Reglas of Palo Monte trace their signatures with white chalk, charcoal, yellow plaster with scale, with salt and the npaka.
The white color is identified with death and therefore is the most used and yellow with life as I have explained, we see an egg white shell protects life, life is in the egg yolk is yellow, with this I hope you understand why the scale is used and yolk yellow powder or chalk, although generally used white for most jobs and initiation.
The black will be used when determining a job to do damage with the Nganga. To do any work, magic, collect soil, stone, until a twig or leaf, or leave an offering, or give way to a plant, You always have to do this ritual, without the advance can not, it is a fundamental requirement. You have to plant the firmas of Authorization and Law for obligation and will carry an offering, not the let and for no more, you have to plant the Firma of the Offerings, and you put your gift inside it.
Firma of Offerings. Firma de la Ceiba. If you are in the bush, the firma of the Ceiba have to plant it in the tree that is near the site indicated, as this is the Monte Religion and born under a Ceiba. In short, always to work outside and with Nkitas You must follow the steps following:. Entry: If for any reason you need to go to the cemetery or Monte, you do not Carry Schnapps, Tobacco and the Money which is the tribute to the Nfinda to wait on you, and to enter as let where you please while Saluda and identify yourself:.
Lo Saluda Yo. Important: if you go with hat, scarf, head cover have to discover material also can take roasted corn kernels and money are 7, 14, or 21 cents. At the end of the sentence say on what grounds are you there. Presentation: Already in place. Sala Malecon - Malecon Sala. Komo diambo amda Mpangui? Lo Sarabandero. Authorization: Authorization Plant Firms, Law and other. Firma of Authorization. Firma of Rights. Con Licencia de mi Padrino.
Con Licencia de lo Padre y Madre Nganga. Y Sobre Enemigos Visibles e Invisibles. Work: You do what was done. The Mpungos are forces, energies, higher spirits emanating from the force of the Supreme God is the maximum force that created the universe, which he called Sambi Npungo and they were the first to walk and the first to experience everything. The mpungo were made by Nsambi to serve the man to help steer the trials and tribulations of life and traditions and Congas teach the skill of the dead, were provided by Nsambi Npungo to service man, and serves both man and brings his prayers to Sambi and Mambi.
The mpungos, as the spirits of nature and the simbis nkitas are important to practice Palo, but not the only part of this. Much of Palo practices have to do with the dead and how Palo interacts with the dead. This often confuses people into thinking Paleros enslave spirits, that this is not so, there are many houses that work in different ways! He is the one who brings balance true, everything goes through trajectories to accomplish the work that needs to be done and he is the stabilizer of our lives and our health.
One of its main tasks is of the Guardian. He works as the owner of the roads, who's opening or closing at will, which marks the crossroads of life. He has the keys of destiny, crosses and closes the gates of happiness or misfortune; own future and the future. He is the personification of fate and death.
Compared to Lukumi, Yoruba Esu or Eleggua. He is quick justice and is the best of the hunters and their arrows never fail. Compare with Ochosi. Get real, achieving difficult goals. Sarabanda is a very popular Mpungo, and prominent. Zarabanda is the epitome of raw power that is focused on robustness.
With his machete Mbele , Zarabanda man and spirits kept in line with the threat of falling under the same weapons he provided.
He is the latest in the war in Congo. He is the mayor of the "trunk" the oldest, the Npungos. His role is essential in Palo. Compare with Ogun.
Mpungo, Kabonga. It is the bride, the beauty and grace jealous. If it is not treated properly, or you offend her, she goes up on her followers, she responds with madness and rage. She is the passion of a new found love, and death by domestic abuse. Owns femininity, love, and the river. Compare with Oshun. He is the action of burning in all forms, from sailing to the beam. He is the Npungo of thunder. Owner of lightning and drums. Royal palm found in the tropics and subtropics are sacred to him, because they draw their energy to earth lightning tempting to pressed.
The proof is in the fire and punishment. He owns the royal palm, and wherever the. Compare with Chango. She is the force that heals hurts both as an abusive father. Water is its quality. Water gives life and takes it all too. Its strength is the liquid that gives life and brings drowning or flooding. All water is its domain. Its power extends beyond that of motherhood, the sea, the fish to the land of the dead, because the water is as the dividing line between the living and the dead, it is a much feared Npungo.
Compare with Yemaya. Fruits, sweets, meats, honey, cane syrup. He who can control the four cardinal points. Executes all commands Sambi. You can not invoke with Vague requests because he is usually angry. Compare with Obatala. She is responsible for door between life and death and has the domain of the cemetery.
As the name implies, it works with all kinds of people and plays an important role in the rites of Palo. Owner of sparks, eddies, winds and storms in general, is violent and impetuous, loves war. Compare with Oya.
WHO HE IS : The Protector against disease and patron of miracle cures, He is the energy that fights the disease, the waters and healing and many consider him the king of the dead.
Your energy can invite to remove disease, or send disease to the enemy Palero. He is the Plague of Nsambi and punishes the inadequate. Queen Mother, highly respected.